Wheat cultivation in India traditionally been dominated by the northern region of India. The northern states of Punjab and Haryana Plains in India have been prolific wheat producers. While this cereal grass has been studied carefully in the past, recent years of painstaking research by India’s finest scientific talent has paid off with the development of distinctly superior varieties of Durum Wheat.
This hard wheat is cultivated in clayey soil and is highly sought after for its physical characteristics. Its high gluten strength and uniform golden colour makes it ideal for bread making and pasta preparation unlike the softer commercially high yielding wheat, which lacks the strength and consistency of durum. Today, India is exporting sufficient quantities of all types of wheat and extensive research efforts are underway for improving its cereals and grain output in the years to come. Wheat cultivation has traditionally been dominated by the northern region of India. The northern states of Punjab and Haryana Plains in India have been prolific wheat producers. While this cereal grass has been studied carefully in the past, recent years of painstaking research by India’s finest scientific talent has paid off with the development of distinctly superior varieties of Durum Wheat. With a production reaching ten times in past five years, India is today the second largest wheat producer in the whole world. Various studies and researches show that wheat and wheat flour play an increasingly important role in the management of India’s food economy.
Areas Of Cultivation: Major wheat growing states in India are Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar and Gujarat.
Major Export Destinations (2020-21) : Bangladesh , Nepal, UAE, Sri Lanka , Yemen Republic.
Varieties: The main varieties of wheat grown in India are as follows VL-832,VL-804, HS-365, HS-240 , HD2687,WH-147, WH-542, PBW-343, WH-896(d), PDW-233(d), UP-2338, PBW-502, Shresth (HD 2687), Aditya (HD 2781), HW-2044, HW-1085, NP-200(di), HW-741.
Export Varieties: Indian milling wheat and other premium varieties like Hard Wheat, Sharbati Wheat, Raj Wheat, Durum.
All the above varieties can be offered machine cleaned either as bulk or bagged in containers.
Specification of export standard wheat
|Protein (Dry Basis)||11-13%|
|Gluten (Wet Basis)||25-28%|
|Foreign matter/Other Food Grains||1-2.5%|
|Test Weight||77-80 Kg/hl|
Domestic: Supplying as per specific requirements of Millers and Food Service Companies, offering year-round ‘stock-and-ship’ supply arrangements
|Raj (1482, 3765, 4037, 173)||Rajasthan|
|Lok-1||Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat|
|Durum||Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat|
|Mill Quality||Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Bihar, WB, Punjab, Maharashtra, Delhi, UP and Haryana|
|Australia||Standard, Premium, Hard Wheat|
Wheat Specification for South Asian Market:
|Quality & specification of Wheat for South Asian Countries:|
|Quality parameters||Specification||Margin of tolerance with claim for deviation beyond specification||Rejection|
|1.test weight(minimum)||75g/hl||72.0kg/hl||Below72.0 kg/hl|
|2.Demaged kernels(maximum)||4% (including maximum 0.2% heat damaged kernels)||7.0% (including maximum 0.5% heat damaged kernels)||Above 7.0 %|
|3.Foreign material(maximum)||0.7%||1.5%||Above 1.5 %|
|4.Shrunken &broken kernels||5%||8.0%||Above 8.0 %|
|5.Wheat of other classes||5%(including maximum 2% contrasting classes)||10.0 %(including maximum 3.0% contrasting classes)||Above 10.0 %|
|6. Protein content(minimum)||10%(at 12% moisture)||9.5%(at 12% moisture)||below 9.00 %|
|7.Moisture content(maximum)||13.5%||14.0%||Above 14.0 %|
|1%-3% Maximum (All dockage shell be deduction from the value)||3%||Above 1.0 %|
|9.Radioactivity||50Bq/Kg of 137 Gc(Referable for the crop of SAARC& South-East Asian countries )||50Bq/Kg of 137 Gc(referable for the crop of SAARC& South-East Asian countries )||Above 50 Bq/kg of 137 Cs/134Cs